Testing the car seat's comfort


  • Adnan Mazari Technical University of Liberec
  • Funda Buyuk
  • Antonin Havelka




comfort, car seat, heat transfer


In this paper, four commonly used car seat covers, made from leather as well as from woven, knitted and 3D spacer fabrics are tested as sandwiched and separate layers to determine the effect of the lamination and layers on air and water vapor permeability. Different combinations of interlining materials are also tested to obtain the optimum comfortable car seat cover. This analysis gives us a real idea of which layer negatively affects the breathability of the car seat. The focus of this part of research was to identify the issues within the car seat material instead of factors like external cooling or the clothing of the driver. It was observed that the polyurethane (PU) foam and lamination significantly reduce the permeability of the car seats. The 3D spacer fabric shows the best top layer properties as compared to classical woven, leather or knitted car seat covers. The research shows how layers and lamination cause thermo-physiological discomfort of car seats.

Percentage change of air permeability




How to Cite

Mazari, A., Buyuk, F., & Havelka, A. (2020). Testing the car seat’s comfort. Communications in Development and Assembling of Textile Products, 1(2), 141–147. https://doi.org/10.25367/cdatp.2020.1.p141-147



Peer-reviewed articles