R principles for circular economy in the textile industry – a mini-review


  • Anna Katharina Schnatmann Institute for Technical Energy Systems (ITES), Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Bielefeld, Germany
  • Fabian Schoden Institute for Technical Energy Systems (ITES), Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Bielefeld, Germany https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2481-7141
  • Andrea Ehrmann Institute for Technical Energy Systems (ITES), Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Bielefeld, Germany https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0695-3905
  • Eva Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp Institute for Technical Energy Systems (ITES), Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Bielefeld, Germany https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3020-1343




Circular economy, R principles, textile industry, waste prevention, resilience


Textiles are used by humans for many purposes, from clothing to technical applications such as geotextiles, agrotextiles, or medical textiles. However, in addition to their importance, textiles are also responsible for various types of environmental pollution along the entire textile chain, from production, transport and trade to daily use to their end-of-life. Here we provide a brief overview of current approaches to establishing R principles in the textile industry in order to transform the recent linear structures into a circular economy and show in which areas there is a particular need for research and action.


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Results for textile circular economy from web of science, showing that from 2016 the number is groing to 140 citations in 2022




How to Cite

Schnatmann, A. K., Schoden, F., Ehrmann, A., & Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp, E. (2023). R principles for circular economy in the textile industry – a mini-review. Communications in Development and Assembling of Textile Products, 4(2), 295–305. https://doi.org/10.25367/cdatp.2023.4.p295-305



Peer-reviewed articles